Sunday, January 12, 2020

Economics †Genetically Modified Food Essay

Introduction In this essay, arguments will be presented which agree and disagree with the question that ‘genetically modified crops are the only way to feed the world’. Genetically modified (GM) foods are made from genetically modified organisms (GMO). Examples of genetically modified organisms include animals, plants and bacteria. The genetic makeup of GMOs are further altered by making specific changes to their DNA and this is done by genetic engineering. Developing nations of India and Africa will be explored in their outlooks on the pros and cons of GM crops and will illustrate how this effects demand and supply. The conclusion will provide a statement which reflects the benefits of GM technology but how care must be taken to ensure the highest level of safety to human and environmental health. In support of genetically modified crops Support for the concept that GM crops are the only way to feed the world take this viewpoint for a number of reasons, one which includes that by increasing the production in supply, the demand for foods will be met by those who are currently experiencing food shortages. Food shortages are an ever increasing problem in third-world countries, including India and Africa. A major cause of food-shortages in these countries comes from there rapidly expanding populations. The increasing demand for food puts pressure to produce and provide more. For this reason, third-world countries face several agricultural challenges. Mangala Rai, Secretary of the Indian Department of Agricultural Research and Education, expressed that production food of from less land would be achieved only through the widespread use of GM crops. Mr Rai understands there is resistance to this concept however stresses that it will solve the desperate state India is in. (, September 2007). Although India is reported to be the second largest producer of wheat, in 2006 and 2007 they imported mass amounts of grain to meet the gap between supply and demand. India’s government took action and approved trials in GM cotton crops and this resulted in India surpassing the United States to become the second biggest producer of cotton in 2006 and 2007. (, February 2008). Researchers from University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Bonn in Germany reported results from farm trials conducted in India, that GM cotton crops dramatically increased yields and considerably reduced pesticide use compared with non-GM crops. ( February 2003). After experiencing great success with GM cotton, C. D Mayee, a senior scientist, and chairman for Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board said, ‘India’s first expected GM food crop is brinjal. Field trials of GM brinjal started in August 2007 and is expected to be commercialised by 2009’. ( February 2008). Similar challenges regarding GM crops were experienced with Africa, which we will illustrate next. In 2002 and 2003, many African countries including Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe were affected with a major food crisis. Unless food aid worth over US $507 million was distributed, it was estimated that 13 million people would suffer extreme starvation by the end of the year. There was initial concern from these countries to accept GM foods from the World Food Programme (WFP); however these countries (excluding Zambia who decided to its satisfaction that GM food aid was not necessary to meet the needs of Zambia’s population and secured non-GM from other sources) national governments elected to accept the GM grain, agreeing that the most important factor to prioritise was the need to alleviate hunger and this outweighed any other concerns. Clive James, chairman of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, said, ‘India can become self sufficient in food production by use of biotechnology in food crops’. He went on to further say, ‘The biggest risk associated with this technology in India is not using it’. (, February 2008). In support of the distribution and production of GM crops throughout Africa is biotechnologist Dr. Wynand van der Walt ( February 2003). He said the GM function offers opportunities to ensure food security in Africa and that there is no evidence to suggest that it poses a negative threat to human health or the environment. Over 3 billion people on all continents consume foods from GM crops and no proven cases suggest their hazardousness. Dr. Wynand van der Walt (February 2003) stated the following: We have high food prices and high food insecurity. We cannot wait for long term policy discussions. The urgency is now and all of us have an obligation to go out and communicate and counter the misinformation we face every day about GM crops. Graph (a) illustrates the relationship between price and foods from GM crops: [pic] Foods from GM crops are less expensive than foods from non-GM crops. Demand for food is high (D), and supplies of food from GM crops is high (S). Against genetically modified crops Those against the argument that GM crops are the only way to feed the world debate this point of view for a multitude of reasons, some which include the potential negative human and environmental impact. Although certain governments from developing countries like India and Africa support and have agreed to accept foods from GM crops as a way to feed their rapidly growing population, passionate anti-GM activists from these same countries strongly oppose its application and have put pressure on political parties to ban GM technology. In 2006, a large informal network representing organisations and individuals from more than 15 states of India was formed called â€Å"Coalition for GM Free India† (. April 2008). Members of this coalition believe that farmers’ science and knowledge, especially with regard to ecological farming, is the only sustainable way forward for farming in India. Their aim is to raise awareness and educate the general public, the media and civil society groups of the destructiveness of GM crops. The Coalition organised a meeting in Hyderabad where over 250 people took part to protest against the use of GM in their food, including farmers and consumers who have directly suffered from the GM cotton crops including those who have experienced huge financial losses, allergies while working in GM cotton crop fields and others who have lost their livestock that grazed on GM cotton crops. There has been a huge outcry from the Indian people to their government to cease GM crop trials. In support of the ban against GM foods in India is leading scientist Dr P M Bhargava (, July 2008). He stated the following: The problem is that no one knows what effect these foods will have on us. In animals, we have a good idea about their possible ill-effects. In science, we collect evidence on the basis of which we make predictions. All our predictions so far are not in favour of GM foods unless they are tested extensively and exhaustively, which they are not today. Experts are crying themselves hoarse; it is for the Indian government to listen. If all our politicians and scientists were committed to their country, not a single GM product would have been permitted in India as of today. I would say that as of today we do not have reasonably conclusive evidence that GM foods are safe. We should therefore exercise the precautionary principle and ban their use unless incontrovertible evidence regarding their long-term safety is obtained, which would take 10 to 25 years. It is a pity that alternatives to GM crops such as integrated pest management and the use of bio-pesticides, which are cheaper and better, and organic agriculture, are being ignored by our government in spite of the enormous evidence in their favour. Objection of accepting GM crops was Zambia of Africa which we will point to next. National government officials (NGOs) of Zambia were sceptical in accepting the GM food-aid from the WFP in their time of famine. Though they did ultimately reject the GM food from WFP, they did not do so before carrying out a thorough investigation. An expert delegation was assigned to travel to the United States and the European Union where they met with the biotechnology industry, government food safety officials, academic scientists and NGOs with an interest in and expertise on GM food safety issues. From these meetings, it was determined that the risks related with the GM maize were greater than Zambia was comfortable with and declined the WFP food-aid. ( October 2004) Although the Zambian government were under enormous pressure to accept GM grain, their stance was supported by several Zambian and regional non-governmental organisations, including Consumers International (CI) and the Zambian Consumer Association (ZACA) which ignited a campaign to press for alternatives food supplies to be made available to the country. In its campaign, CI lobbied the WFP to explore alternatives for supplying Zambia with non-GM grain from countries where such grain was available. There is very little scientific information regarding the long term health risks derived from GM crops and for this reason, many opinions are formed on the ethical stance that GM food implies. Some of these include the dependence on industrialised nations by developing countries, tampering with nature by mixing genes among species, and labelling of GM crops are not mandatory in some countries, including the United States. With so much uncertainly associated to GM crops and with retrospective gained regarding the famine threat to Zambia in 2002 and 2003, CI provided some recommendations including (. October 2004): (i) That the WFP and the U. S. Agency for International Development should immediately stop exerting pressure on affected developing country governments and presenting these countries with a misleading scenario of ‘No Choice. ‘ (ii) That the WFP and all donors should provide real choices (i. e. , sources of non-GM food aid) to any country that rejects or restricts GM food aid. Failure to do so renders the WFP’s long-standing recognition of the â€Å"the right to choose† meaningless. The WFP has a duty to actively seek options for providing non-GM foods that are in fact available to countries that prefer the non-GM alternative. (iii) The WFP should put in place additional mechanisms that enable it to respond appropriately to situations where recipient countries impose restrictions on the acceptance of GM food aid. For example, the preferences of recipient countries should be ascertained in advance of a crisis, so that planning could emphasize making the supply of food sources with different characteristics (e.g. , GM/non-GM) roughly match the expected demand. (iv). Consumer organizations in developing countries should inform themselves on the scientific, economic, trade, ethical and other aspects of the debate over GM foods and crops, so that they may constructively engage with their governments when a national risk analysis on this issue is required. Graph (b) illustrates the relationship between price and foods from non-GM crops: [pic] Foods from non-GM crops are more expensive than foods from non-GM crops. Demand for food is high (D), and supplies of food from non-GM crops is low (S). Conclusion The production of food from GM crops certainly proven scientifically that it has the capability of solving many of the worlds food-shortage problems as was illustrated in our examples in the developing nations of India and Africa. However to depend on it as being the only way to feed the world would be hasty, especially as there is little data reporting of its long term affects on the human race and the environment. In saying that, to ignore proven potentially beneficial technology would be a careless. Whilst our advancement in technology is commendable, we must proceed with care to avoid unintentional impairment on human health or the environment. List of References Layton, A, Robinson, T & Tucker, IB 2009, Economics for today, 3rd edn, Cengage Learning Australia, South Melbourne, Victoria. Environmental Graffiti, ‘GM Crops only way for India to feed itself, says Government’, May 2007, viewed 23 September 2009, . Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009, viewed 17 September 2009, . Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009, viewed 17 September 2009, . Foundation for Biotechnology Awareness and Education, The Political Saga of GM Crops in India, 2008, viewed 25 September 2009. Genetically modified crops in India produced greater yields, reduced pesticide use, new study finds, February 2003, viewed 25 September 2009, . Human Genome Project Information, August 2006, viewed 19 September 2009, . International Food Policy Research Institute, Status of Genetically Modified: What is Being Grown and Where, May 2009, viewed 26 September 2009. May-June 2009, ‘Introduction food crisis in the Americas. (REPORT: FOOD CRISIS)’ NACLA Report on the Americas, vol. 42, no. 3, p. 15(1), viewed 18 September 2009, Business Economics and Theory. Gale. Search me! economics, Gale Document Number: A199854228 Guterman, Lisa, 2000, ‘Scientists leave the lab to defend bioengineered food’ The Chronicle of Higher Education vol. 46, no. 32, p. A29(4), viewed 20 September 2009, Business Economics and Theory. Gale. Search me! economics. Gale Document Number: A61878337 World Food Programme, 2009, viewed 25 September.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

The Importance Of A Counseling Student Studying Chemical...

As a counseling student studying chemical dependency, I was assigned to attend two 12-step meetings to better understand the 12-step process. I attended two Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings at the Episcopal Church in Starkville; MS. AA is a worldwide fellowship of alcoholic men and women who are banded together to solve their common problems and to help fellow sufferers in recovery from alcoholism. These particular Alcoholics Anonymous meeting opened with a serenity prayer, a reading of the AA preamble, a daily reflection, and various other readings. The individuals in these meetings told personal stories of their struggles with alcohol use and abuse from their past in addition to their struggles to remain sober. Included in the opening statements and referenced throughout the stories told were references of God, prayer, and spirituality. Alcoholics Anonymous is based upon a number of tenets, including twelve steps and twelve traditions. The use of we in these statements helped to add to the feelings of group cohesiveness. The traditions state that the only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking, that AA is focused solely on promoting sobriety within an autonomous group, and that anonymity is of upmost importance. The leader acted as the gatekeeper by guiding the members between different parts of the group and opening the floor for discussion. Each meeting had a â€Å"topic† and then the floor is opened for everyone to speak. Each person who spoke said, â€Å"MyShow MoreRelatedMulticultural Health Essay1698 Words   |  7 Pagesof health education, and prevention programs into a broad variety of settings. The purpose of this paper is to give the status of multicultural health on several diseases, and to give factors that influence multicultural health. Rationale for studying different cultures will be given and recommendations will be given for future research. 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Friday, December 27, 2019

The Epidemic of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Essay

The human brain is extremely complex, top scientists and surgeons still struggle to comprehend how it works. The way that the brain can process information and help a person to problem solve is amazing, but another part of the brain can hold memories. Some are good--like a memory of a family vacation or of family holidays--but there are also frightening memories that can haunt a person until his or her death, if they don’t get help. For a very long time researchers have focused on combatant PTSD, for very good reason, but now a problem has risen among civilians, and they have not been focused on the growth of PTSD right here in regular everyday people’s lives. Not just soldiers can be affected; civilian men, women, and children can be†¦show more content†¦So what is the point of having a near perfect military if we don’t have a mentally stable country? PTSD is defined as moments where a person feels extreme terror, horror, or even when they could feel hopeless. Children, who may already feel like they can’t do anything, can have worse reactions to situations like domestic violence. A child witnessing or even being a victim of domestic violence can feel hopeless, useless or really any of the traumatic feelings from above and can develop PTSD. In a study about domestic violence exposure to kids they found that when boys encountered abuse they reacted more strongly than the girls did, even if girls reacted differently in other non-violence related instances (Evans). A different study in South Africa showed that kids who witnessed or who were the victims of domestic violence were more likely to get married later on in their life, and what they had went through as a child, could haunt them or their families for their entire life. It could even transfer over to their kids, and keep the cycle going for generations to come. These k ids were also more likely to not graduate from high school. 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Thursday, December 19, 2019

Friendship As A Small Group Of Friends - 853 Words

Friendship in Life Since I can remember I have always been a girl with a small group of friends. In my school years I would usually hang out with only 2-3 girls in my classroom, and it has always been that way ever since. I’m a very shy and quiet person; for that reason I’ve always preferred a small group of friends. Throughout the years, I’ve lost some friends on the way but I have also kept some good friends, and refer them more as best friends. Friendship has become a big part of my life, and it has taught me what friendship really is and who has been my real friends. Once I graduated from high school, I moved to Racine WI, to attend college and continue working as a waitress in a Mexican restaurant. Thanks to that job, I met a girl that till this day has been a great friend; I can honestly say she’s like a sister to me. At first, we would just work together a couple times a week, but later on we began hanging out together outside of work. When that sta rted, I just began to trust her more and learned a lot from her in how she is. Since I met her, she’s the type of girl who can easily be talked to, she would get you comfortable talking to her and she would always make you laugh at the moment you meet her. She’s very outgoing girls who even though we have been through a lot together we have managed to still continue being great friends. After knowing her for a couple years we became closer and closer, we have our differences, but we have learned a lot from each other.Show MoreRelatedCommunication and Friendship1593 Words   |  7 Pagesbetween the two main characters is a friendship, which begins with one boy who is desperate for friends and another who is searching for The Sandlot’s last teammate. The friendship between Benny and Small’s is an accurate depiction of the development of friendship in real life. In the movie, Scotty Smalls (Smalls) moves to a new neighborhood. One of his new neighbors happ ens to be the best baseball player in the neighborhood, Benny, who eventually teaches Smalls how to catch and throw so that theRead MoreThe Meaning of Friendship1710 Words   |  7 PagesInstructor Name Course Name Date Meaning of Friendship The term friendship is perhaps the most common term in the conversation of every individual, but there would be hardly few individuals who have ever tried to think how and under what circumstances this term was originated. Similarly, people seldom think about the meaning of this commonly used term. It is really difficult to find somebody who can define what a real friend is. These facts make friendship an excessively vibrant relationship and perhapsRead MorePsychology Tma021554 Words   |  7 PagesCompare and Contrast the approach to studying children’s friendships taken in the Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) study with that taken by William Corsaro. In this essay you will read about the many similarities and differences of the study and research of children’s friendships expectations, which were approached by Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) and William Corsaro (2006). Firstly I will introduce both of the different approaches and methods and I will then later go into the results of their work.Read MoreImportance Of Small Community Culture706 Words   |  3 Pagesparticular society, group, place, or time. Culture is an important part of smaller communities. I come from Hot Springs, Montana and its population is roughly 500 people, to put that into perspective, you pretty much couldn’t go to the grocery store to local coffee shop without seeing everyone and their brother. The small community culture is something that has had a major positive influence on my life. One of the impacts it has had on my life is the importance of friendships. Going through highRead MoreHow Does Communication Affect Relationships Change?1437 Words   |  6 Pages intensifying, differentiating, and terminating. In the sixth grade my soon-to-be best friend moved from out of state to my hometown. As the teacher assigned her a seat near me, I decided it would be friendly to wave to her as she walked over. This was when our relationship entered the initiating stage because I made contact with her through a wave. Although waving is not a difficult task, it showed my friend that I was friendly and interested in getting to know her. Over the course of the day weRead MoreHow Social Media Helps Maintain And Grow Friendships1091 Words   |  5 PagesFrequent interaction helps maintain and grow friendships. However, the demands of a career and/or raising a family might leave little time for visiting with friends. A change in geography (for such reasons as health, career, or school) might result in excessive time passing between get-togethers. Social media helps maintain the bonds of a relationship by facilitating communication and can establish new friendships. Circumstances can prevent face-to-face interactions. Waiting until we see someoneRead MoreAristotle s Theory Of Friendship1415 Words   |  6 Pagesunderstood this, he even had his own analysis of friendship. In the Nicomachean Ethics written by Aristotle, books VIII and IX are based off of friendship. Today, the definition of a friend is, â€Å"A person with whom one has a bond of mutual affection, typically one exclusive of sexual or family relations (Oxford Dictionary).† To Aristotle, friendship is much more than this. In this research paper, I will evaluate whether or not Aristotle’s analysis of friendship is applicable to the modern world. AristotleRead MoreMixed Sex Friendship Groups Among Early Adolescents969 Words   |  4 Pages1. The main purpose of the study was to examine the development of mixed-sex friendship groups among early adolescents. 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Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Music dates back Essay Example For Students

Music dates back Essay I believe that mankinds best company in good times as well as bad times has been music. People say that music is a way of life and to a certain extent I believe so. Music dates back to the time since mankind walked the Earth. A simple rhythmic beat is also music. In this essay I am going to relate music with the areas and ways of knowledge.  There are uncountable genres of music in this world. Therefore our perception plays an important role as to which genre we listen to. The music that I may listen to may be old or too vulgar for another person, thus we must learn to respect each others choice. Loud music may also be considered as a nuisance to old people as it disturbs them, perception is a unique characteristic trait of every individual. Very often artists convey their life emotions in their songs. Maybe the artist has been touched by some event that may be ordinary to anyone of us but has changed the viewpoint towards life of the author. Songs such as Your Beautiful by James Blunt express the artists feelings for his first girlfriend. Hip-hop and rap songs such as Asian Pride(Got Rice) by AZN express the common views of an entire continent. Songs such as Mocking Bird by Eminem express the authors concern for the life of his daughter. Moreover, whenever we hear such songs we can relate to the feelings and emotions the artist has been through. I think that it is very important for us to convey our emotions to the rest of the world and we should not bottle them up, according to me the best and most effective way of doing so is through a song or music. Mankind always gains inspiration from an object uses this inspiration to create something. Therefore mostly there is a reason for artists to write a particular song. Some do it for money, some for fame, some for passion and there are uncountable reasons for us to write a song. Songs such as Pehla Nasha have been written that convey the artists first love. The reason I feel as to why we listen to music is because we want to escape into a different world in which we can chose to listen to what we want. Another reason is that music tends to calm your mind and helps you to relax better. Furthermore, with the unimaginable number of dialects in this world the language in which music is created varies. It is obvious for us to listen to music in the language that we understand. For me this is Hindi and English. But it is not necessary for us to only listen to what we understand; sometimes we may just be fans of a particular songs that is sung in another language. Language plays an important role in the music we listen to and effects the way we think and has gives us an all-round persona. If we listen to abusive language, it will become part of our daily vocabulary. The effect that it has on us is that we become more rebellious and aggressive. On the other hand if we listen to calm, slow music our mind-set has changed to becoming more understanding and helpful. It is essential for us to understand the music we listen to. This can be made easier if we have Knowledge about the life of the artist and what prompted him to make that particular track. Sharing knowledge only expands our horizon to different levels. Ethics govern our life. In the past complains have been made by parents that their children are exposed to vulgarity and abusive language too soon by listening to music and this has had a disastrous effect in the upbringing of the child. .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .postImageUrl , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:hover , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:visited , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:active { border:0!important; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:active , .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232 .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0832aa7a72ef4d1fc1252c1d95b36232:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Music and Critical Thinking Questions EssayI agree with this point and believe that certain tracks must be either censored or banned from being sold to minors. Science and technology is changing this world faster than ever before. Today the mp3 player has caused a boom in the music industry. The i-pod enables a person to carry upto 10,000 tracks or more with him in his pocket. As a result more and more people are getting engrossed on listening to music and has made it as or even more important than a mobile phone.  I would like to conclude by saying that music is my passion and more and more people understand the underling meaning of the music they listen to. Music is yo ur friend you can gain inspiration from it, generate ideas from it, have fun with it and learn for it. We must remember music is part of our life and not make our life part of music.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

October Sky Summary Essay Example

October Sky Summary Paper The story told In Joe Johnnys film October Sky (1999) Is a beautiful one and a true one. I was really enthusiastic to watch this movie, because I love to watch movies based on true stories. I find they teach us many lesson through their experiences. The four teenage boys Homer Hickman, Question Wilson, Roy Lee Cooke, and Sherman ODell are very devoted to fulfill their dream of rocketry. The boys are first inspired by the Sputnik 1, the first satellite launched into the earths orbit. But everyone in the town of Coaled is destined to become coal-miners, unless they are lucky enough to et a football scholarship. To everyone coal-mining was Homers only future, Just like his father. Homer and his friends fearlessly begin learning how to build rockets and testing them. The whole town is not behind them and believe theyre wasting their time, especially Homers father John Hickman. The only one who strongly supports them is their teacher, Miss. Riley. She tells them that they can contend in The National Science Fair. The prize being college scholarships. By examining their experience you learn a lot about striving to achieve a goal, no matter what the odds. Homer has always rebelled against the coalmine and his fathers wishes. He Is very hopeful for his dream of doing rocket science and wont stop until he reaches it. He cares a lot for his family and the people around him, especially Miss. Riley. When Homers father got injured and couldnt work in the mine temporarily, Homer understood that he had to give up his dream and work in his fathers place. We will write a custom essay sample on October Sky Summary specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on October Sky Summary specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on October Sky Summary specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer But it is until Miss. Riley grow sick and Homer visits her, then she tells him Sometime you really cant listen to what anybody else says, you Just got to listen inside. His ambition is renewed. Homer leaves the mine and continues to go into The National Science Fair, he get excepted. He ends up winning the gold metal, and he and his friends all earn scholarships. Miss. Riley has always been such a support for Homer. She always stuck out for him in the hopes that he would make a difference. When the boys were in the lunchroom looking at their rocket, the principal didnt allow the rocket in his school. Miss. Riley covered for them saying they were planning to enter The National Science Fair. She brought hope to the boys, even though they didnt seem like the smartest kids around. She never stop at anything even as she was dieing and Homer seemed to have given up his dreams. As for John Hickman he did not support Homer in any of his efforts. In fact he was against him. The only thing that seemed Important to him was his pride, the coalmine, and Coaled. When Homer lets go of his dreams to work in the mine John was very proud and begins to finally prelate but when Homer goes on continuing rocketry he doesnt support him at all. Until his wife, Elsie begs him while the strike Is going on to help Homer when his rocket part were stolen in the science fair. John Bolder Dont you have work to do? John learns that going difficulties and even scaring his pride is important to achieve his goals. After Homer goes home he and the boys decide to shoot their last rocket. Homer asks his father if he would come watch them shoot their last rocket, but he excuses him for his work. Then Homer tells him l only hope I could as good as a man as you are Sure Dry von Braun is a great scientist, but he isnt my hero. John was stunned by that and later ends up watching Homer and the boys shoot their last rocket. For the first time John is completely behind his son. Looking at their experiences and the consequences they had taken, it really reflected to the theme of the movie. They would have never achieved any of their goals if they hadnt tried their hardest even against all the odds. Homer does whatever it takes to achieve his goals, he walked 8 miles off company property to test his rockets when his father banned him. He still had hope even when the boys were charges for starting a forest fire. And even after working in the mine Homer decided hed quit and continue rocketry, knowing his father would be disappointed. Miss Riley is very caring and understanding, and tries to help Homer and the boys in anyway she can. She motivates and believes in them, causing her to strive and do whatever it takes in the hope of achieving something. Even as she was laying in the deathbed. She did everything she could to support these boys. The best representation of this theme is when John Hickman didnt stop at anything to save the people from the mine, even if it meet risking his life. For he saved many lives from this action. All of them made sacrifices and had consequences but they all had good results. This story shows the achievement people made, with no hesitation to strive to make a difference.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Effects Of Television Violence Essays (1453 words) - Behavior

Effects Of Television Violence Effects of Television Violence What has the world come to these days? It often seems like everywhere one looks, violence rears its ugly head. We see it in the streets, back alleys, school, and even at home. In many peoples' living rooms there sits an outlet for violence that often goes unnoticed. It is the television, and the children who view it are often pulled into its realistic world of violence scenes with sometimes devastating results. A lot of research has gone into showing why television and the things that take place on the screen affect kids. Research shows that movies and TV are definitely a major source of violent behavior in children. The research proves time and time again that aggression and television viewing do go hand in hand. It is true that violence on the boob tube affects children. Some are try to find a solution for the problem; others ignore it and hope that the problem disappears. However, the facts are undeniable. The research has been done and the information has resulted out to one conc lusion: Television violence causes children to be violent and the effected for the rest of their lives. The research proved my hypothesis. Violent television viewing does affect children. The effects have been seen in a number of cases. The First case In Alabama, a nine-year-old boy received a bad report card from his teacher. He suggested sending the teacher poisoned candy as revenge as he had seen on television the night before. In California, a seven-year-old boy sprinkled ground-up glass into the lamb stew the family was to eat for dinner. When asked why he did it he replied that he wanted to see if the results would be the same in real life as they were on television (Howe 72). In New York, a boy broke into a basement. When the police caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves he replied that he had learned on television the when you wear gloves you do not leave fingerprints. These are just a few cases I discovered of how television can affect the child's mind. Violence can destroy a young person's brain. The effects of this violence can be long lasting, and even never-ending. Television at its worst can damage a child's mind in many ways. It can be influence that disrupt a child's moral balance and makes a child applicable to aggressive behavior as their perception of the real world changes from the big screen. Not only can violence on television affect the child's youth, but it can also affect them later in their adult life. Some psychologists and psychiatrists feel that continued exposure to such violence might mature a child before they are ready and unnaturally force the pressure of the adult world on the child. This can force the child into a kind of premature maturity. As the child matures into an adult, he can become bewildered, have a greater distrust towards others, a superficial approach to adult problems, and even an unwillingness to become an adult (Carter 14). Some parents see television as an unhealthy intrusion into a children's learning process, substituting easy pictures for the discipline of reading and concentrating and transforming the young viewer into a hypnotized non thinker (Langone 48). As you can see, television violence can disrupt a child's learning and thinking ability which will cause life long problems. If a child cannot do well in school, his or her whole fut ure is at stake. Why do children like the violence that they see on television? Since media violence is much more vicious than that which children normally experience, real-life aggression appears bland by comparison (Dorr 127). Many wonder why children are entertained by television and the violence on it .The violence on television is able to be more appealing and exciting than the violence that is normally viewed in everyday life. Instead of just seeing a police officer pull over a car theft, you can watch theft put up a bloody fight with the cop on television. However, children don't always realize this is not the way thing are handled in real life. After seeing this, children come to expect it,